Yoga Mudras, Types of Yoga Mudras and benefits

Yoga mudras involve postures of hands and fingers and so the other name for yoga mudras is hand yoga. Yoga mudras provide immediate relief to almost all ailments. Mudras work on both body and mind. These postures can be performed easily by sitting in crossed leg position, standing or even lying on the bed. These mudras can be easily performed at the office also.

Fingertips have numerous nerve endings which are connected to various organs of the body. These nerve endings control the action of all organs.

Imbalance in elements of the human body results in diseases. These diseases can be cured by using mudras. The human body is made up of five elements which include fire, air, water, space, earth. Each finger represents an element. Thumb represents fire, the index finger represents air, the middle finger represents space, the ring finger represents earth and the little finger represents water.

All the above particular elements can be brought in to control by contact of fingers with the thumb.

Types of Yoga Mudras:

Gyan Mudra or Chinmudra

Gyan Mudra

Tips of thumb, index finger are joined together and the other three fingers are held together and kept straight,

Benefits of Gyan Mudra:

  1. This mudra increases memory power.
  2. It provides relief from restlessness and anger.
  3. It also cures sleeplessness.

Prana Mudra – Yoga Mudras

Prana Mudra

The tips of the little finger, ring finger and thumb are joined together and the other two fingers are held straight.

Benefits of Prana Mudra

  1. This mudra is very beneficial for all diseases.
  2. This mudra provides life energy to the body.

Vayu Mudra

Vayu Mudra

The index finger is bent towards the base of the thumb and thumb is pressed against the index finger. The other three fingers are held straight.

Benefits of Vayu Mudra

The practice of this mudra cures arthritis, Parkinson disease, gas trouble in the stomach.

Prithvi Mudra

Prithvi Mudra

The tip of the thumb and ring finger are joined together

Benefits of Prithvi Mudra

  1. This mudra helps in gaining weight.
  2. Improves skin complexion.

Varuna Mudra – Yoga Mudras

Varuna Mudra

Thumb is placed on the little finger and other three fingers are held straight.

Benefits Varuna Mudra

  1. This mudra helps in the prevention of gastroenteritis pain.
  2. The shrinkage of muscles can also be avoided.
  3. Helps in maintaining the moisture of the skin.
  4. Increases beauty.

Apaan Mudra – Yoga Mudras

Apaan Mudra

The tip of the thumb, middle finger and ring finger are joined together and the other three fingers are held straight.

Benefits of Apaan Mudra

  1. This mudra helps in regulation of diabetes.
  2. Waste material gets eliminated from the body through eyes, ears, nose by using this mudra.
  3. Constipation can also be controlled.

Surya Mudra

Surya Mudra

The tip of the ring finger is positioned on the base of the thumb and thumb is pressed against it.

Benefits of Surya Mudra

  1. This mudra helps in reduction of body weight.
  2. Cures problems of indigestion.
  3. Provides relief from anxiety.

Shunya Mudra

The tip of the middle finger is positioned on the base of the thumb and thumb is pressed against it. The other three fingers are held straight.

Benefits of Shunya Mudra

This mudra is very effective in curing ear problems.

Linga Mudra

Linga Mudra

The fingers of both hands are interlocked and thumbs of both hands are raised and held together with straight.

Benefits of Mudra

  1. This mudra cures cold, cough.
  2. Helps in reduction of weight.
  3. Helps in strengthening of lungs.

Surabhi Mudra

The little finger, the ring finger is held together and middle finger and index finger are held together.

Benefits of Surabhi Mudra

This mudra improves the intelligence of an individual.

Shanka Mudra

Get hold of the left thumb in right fist. Now the left index finger and right thumb are kept in contact with each other.

Benefits of Shanka Mudra

  1. This mudra helps in the improvement of digestion.
  2. Improves the quality of voice.

Apan Vayu Mudra

The forefinger is folded in such a way that it touches the base of the thumb. The tips of middle finger, ring finger and thumb are joined together.

Benefits of Apan Vayu Mudra

This mudra is considered as first aid for heart attack
It also helps in strengthening of the heart.
Helps in the normalization of blood pressure.
Cures problems related to menstruation.

Back Mudra

Thumb, middle finger and little finger are joined together and other two fingers are held straight.

Benefits of Back Mudra

Provides relief from back pain.

Hakini Mudra

In this mudra fingertips of both hands are held together, look upward and while inhaling the tip of the tongue should be placed on gums. And while exhaling tongue should be brought down.

Benefits of Hakini Mudra

This mudra helps in improving memory.

Bronchial Mudra

The tip of the little finger is positioned on the base of the thumb, the ring finger is positioned above little finger and the middle finger is joined with top of the thumb. The index fingers should be straight and extended.

Asthma Mudra

The nails of middle fingers of both the hands are pressed against each other and other fingers are held straight.

Benefits of Mudra

Both bronchial and asthma mudra helps in curing of respiratory problems

Article to read:

  1. Salutation to the Sun
  2. Seated Angle Pose, Upauishta Konasana
  3. Plough Pose Halasana Yoga