Diabetes is a common disease in which the ability to produce or respond to insulin is impaired.
[insulin is a hormone which allows glucose to enter in blood cells, providing them with the energy to function]
Our bodies digest the food and convert it into carbohydrate (Sugars and starches). The food breaks down into another type of sugar, called glucose.
Small intestines absorb the glucose and then release it into the bloodstream. Glucose can be used immediately for energy or stored in our bodies, to be used later.
However, our bodies need insulin to use or store glucose for energy. Without insulin, glucose stays in the bloodstream, keeping blood sugar levels high. And if a person blood sugar level stays over 240 mg/dl, it means a person has diabetes.
There are two main types of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes difference
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” [IDDM]. In this type of diabetes, your pancreas does not produce enough insulin to reduce the blood sugar level.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” [IDDM]. In this type of diabetes, your pancreas does not produce enough insulin to reduce the blood sugar level.
It is often diagnosed in children or teens. However, it can also occur in adults. This type accounts for 5-10 percent of people with diabetes. This type of diabetes results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin due to loss of beta cells.
“Insulin hormone is made by beta cells in the pancreas. Beta cells check the blood sugar level in every few seconds and release the insulin as per the need.”
Type 2 diabetes:
This type of diabetes is also known as “adult-onset diabetes” or “non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM), It generally occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough amount of insulin or when the cells cannot use the insulin in the right proportion, which is called insulin resistance.
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed generally after the age of 45. But recently it is also seen in younger individuals and children. The most common cause of this type of diabetes is a combination of excessive body weight, insufficient exercise, and unhealthy food.
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Early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 30 million people in the USA have type 2 diabetes. In this article, we have provided the list of early signs of type 2 diabetes, which helps you to diagnosed type 2 diabetes.
- Frequent urination
When a person has type 2 diabetes, the blood sugar level is too high, and the kidney tries to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. Hence a person visits for frequent urination, especially at night.
- Increased thirst
Due to frequent urination, our body loses excess of water from the body. Hence, due to dehydration diabetes person feel too much desire to drink water very frequently.
- Always feeling hungry and tired.
The primary role of insulin is to convert glucose into energy and passes to blood cells. But during diabetes body doesn’t break down the glucose. As a result, diabetic patients often feel hungry and tired, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
- Blurry vision
High blood sugar level damages the tiny blood vessels, especially eye blood vessels. Hence diabetic patients often have blurry vision.
It is better to concern with the doctor immediately, as patients feel not comfortable to view the things. Without treatment, the damage to these blood vessels can become more severe.
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds
A person with diabetes does not want to risk facing a situation where a single wound manifests into a grave injury and becomes a topic of significant concern. Because of High blood sugar level, many small body nerves damaged as result blood circulation hampered. Hence a short cut on the body takes weeks even month to heel.
Can we cure type 2 diabetes?
There is no cure for this disease, but somehow it’s is said in some studies that it is reversible for a few people. Through diet change and weight loss, you may reach and hold a healthy blood sugar level without medication. This surely doesn’t mean you are completely cured. This type of diabetes is an ongoing disease which needs high care and attention.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Guidelines
What foods help lower blood sugar quickly?
- Roasted Vegetables
- Higher-fiber Foods
- Oranges and other citrus food
What foods should be avoided with type 2 diabetes?
We all well aware of this quote; prevention is better than cure. Food to avoid when you are suffering from type 2 diabetes
- White Bread, Pasta and Rice
- Sweetened Breakfast Cereals
- Dried Fruit
- Packaged Foods
- Fruit Juice
Conclusion: On Vedyou, you will able to find suitable solutions for diabetic patients. Fresh green and fibrous food and regular yoga exercise and a cardio workout will help you to beat diabetes.