On a daily basis, an individual may keep getting minor cuts, blisters, bumps, and scratches. All of which can be healed by merely keeping away bacteria and applying some antibiotic ointment.
While most people can use this trick to help them get rid of these insignificant wounds; Diabetic people are in the downside here as it takes a long time for them, for these wounds to heal.
Diabetes in itself is a significant health issue known to worsen any simple cuts and scratches and result in a severe condition if not dealt with appropriately.
If a person with diabetes does not want to risk facing a situation where a single wound manifests into a grave injury and becomes a topic of significant concern.
He/she should follow a few essential wound care tips for diabetic people.
Types of Diabetes
Most commonly known types of diabetes include the following:
- Type 2 Diabetes – Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the processing of blood sugar (glucose) in our body
- Type 1 Diabetes- This condition is distinguishable as the one in which the pancreas produces no or very less insulin
- Prediabetes: A health condition that results in high blood sugar level but less than that of Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes- This form of diabetes increases blood sugar levels in pregnant women
Important wound care tips for diabetic people
Some essential important wound care tips for diabetic people involve being cautious and careful. The different tips encompass taking care of your body parts and saving them from cuts/bruises/scratches and any other type of wound in the first place. A few simple ways that can help one care in a better way for their wounds are mentioned:
Prevention of Wound
- Never walk barefoot inside or outside your house and be careful that you don’t miss steps and stairs as they might cause unnecessary wounds.
- It is advisable to wear shoes or other such footwear that cover your feet entirely as it helps save the feet from getting wounds while falling or tripping.
- If ever a diabetic patient feels a numbing sensation in his/her feet or hand it is advisable to seek medical professional advise instantly as that might stop a potential risky wound from developing.
Treating the Wounds of a diabetic patient
- One thing a diabetic patient should be very particular about in case of getting a wound is to treat it immediately. See a doctor and do not try treating the wound yourself as that might have significant repercussions. It is an essential step to visit a doctor if the wound does not start healing within 48 hours.
- It is necessary that any person who has diabetes should keep extra pressure/load off the injury that they have. As immense pressure works to increase the time it takes for an injury to heal resulting in further complications
- If you feel excessive pain that does not cease, it could be the sign of a potential infection. Thus, it is recommended that one sees a doctor in case of reddening, warming, or spreading of the wound.
Other Important Tips for Diabetic People
- Picking the right foods to eat when you have diabetes can help lower your blood sugar or keep it stable.
- Incorporate healthy foods into your daily diet and do not consume high levels of sugar. Special care should be taken to include protein in your diet.
- Exercise regularly: Exercising keeps obesity at bay and many ill- health symptoms. By doing regular exercise, you keep the blood in your body circulating properly, ensuring healthy and unhindered blood flow through all your body parts, including hands and feet. This helps in gaining sensation that otherwise might be lost as a result of numbing due to ulcers. Do not exercise if you have sores or any other kind of wound in your feet as that might make the condition worse.
Do’s and Don’ts
While unnecessarily fretting over nothing is considered useless; it is always a smart precaution for any diabetic person to keep checking his/her body for wounds of any type. Numerous amputations among diabetic people are known to begin with foot ulcers, and it is advisable to look for cuts, blisters, or any numbing sensation in the feet as that might result in a serious issue. It is essential for diabetic people not to touch their wound or try to dissect it at home. Different wounds require different types of attention and treatment, and thus, it is advisable to seek expert advice instantly without letting the cut/scratch develop into anything incurable.
Precautions for Diabetic People
- Never try to cut any corns/warts/calluses at home by yourself, without the advice and presence of a medical professional.
- Be prepared by asking your doctor how to dress a wound in the initial days so that it doesn’t get infected.
- The best precaution is to keep your blood sugar levels within the permissible range for your age, as high blood sugar levels are the exact reason for spreading of the wound and slowing down of the healing process.
- Diabetic people with wounds are advised not to smoke as that can hinder the passage of oxygen and prevent the process of healing.
Many small wounds can turn into potential life threats and serious health ailments if you happen to be a diabetes patient. Thus, it is a wise decision for people with diabetes to be highly cautious and take proper care of any wounds that they might have got due to any reason. Following the aforementioned essential tips when getting any injury will help you be safe and healthy.