Apart from the diseases most of us are aware of, there is a vast range of skin problems or let us say can say diseases that can actually hamper your overall health. Despite all the precautions that are advised in such a situation, it is not really possible to stay indoors all the time. Someday you might need to step out and eventually get your skin exposed to sun’s burning rays which ultimately hampers your skin if you face the problem of sunburns. But before we move forward to the discussion, let us first understand how the intensified problem is this as situations may differ from person to person.
In general terms, sunburn is a type of radiation burn that hampers skin tissues because of overexposure to the ultraviolet rays from the sun. It is one of the inflammatory response which is directed by the DNA damage by UV radiation from the sun. In a situation where skin cells DNA are highly damaged because of UV radiation, serious damage can happen when the tissues are replaced. The protective measures such as sunscreen and suitable wears are most popular and widely accepted methods to prevent from sunburn and in most cases, even skin cancer the section such as children are most open to such damage as their skin is comparatively much more sensitive.
Causes of sunburns
Sunburns in certain cases are a red painful situation. It usually happens after keeping your skin exposed to ultraviolet rays of the sun. Most of the times it has been noticed that if the duration of exposure is in excess it may even lead to an increase in the risk of other skin problems as well. This may include dry skin, irritation burns, redness, itchiness, spots and might be skin cancer too.
Let us now have a look at various reasons why sunburns happen-
- Overexposure to radiations of ultraviolet rays as it is the category in which the wavelength of the sun rays is too short in range for the normal human eye to see. UVA is a type of radiation responsible for skin aging whereas UV is responsible for sunburns.
- Primarily, the situation occurs when the sun gives off the wavelength of these lights- UVA, UVC, and UVB.
- UVA and UVB reach Earth’s surface and even penetrates the skin leaving its effects therein for the time being.
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As they say, prevention is better than cure. The same thing applies in the case of skincare also. Keeping the same thing in mind, it is always advisable to keep track of symptoms and diagnose them before any serious mishappening with your skincare. In order to prevent yourself from any such adverse situations, here are some Summer skin care hacks–
- Symptoms of sunburns normally start a few us hours after keeping the skin exposed to sunlight
- The skin starts to feel tender and itchy starts turning hot pink or red.
- Skin starts to swell up making you feel itchy on the burning spot and start to feel the sensation of a bit of swelling on the spot where swelling is taking place.
- According to the authentic information available on with you, the second degree burns mail form a type of liquid-filled boils in a way to cool down the spot.
- In most of the cases, it has been noticed that symptoms of sunburn can last for a week as the skin starts to repair itself. It is important to note here that worse the burn becomes, longer it will take heal.
- You may experience flakiness feeling, warmness, red spots, redness on some parts of your skin in that is exposed to the external environment especially to the sun.
You may experience sunburns if it gets too much exposure to two sun rays without any kind of proper protection from sunscreen and clothes. If in case you suffer from sunburns, there are many ways for sunburn treatment. Here are some tips from that can help with relieving the discomfort let us have a look
- Take cool bath or showers to calm down the burns and as soon as you get out after showering start patting the affected area by gently, leaving a few drops of water on your skin as well. Once this gets, over apply a suitable moisturizer for skincare to restore the moisture in your skin. This can help in relieving the situation better.
- It is advisable to use a moisturizer with aloe vera or soy contents in it. Consider taking aspirin to help reduce any kind of swelling redness and discomfort for the time being.
- Try to consume extra water because a sunburn leads to a shortage of fluid in the skin and rest of the body. So if you drink extra water you can prevent the situation of dehydration in your body and skin as well.
It is to be noted that the tips mentioned above can be used immediately if the situation gets uncomfortable for you for the initial time. But if you start experiencing the symptoms for a longer span of time and with greater intensity, it is always advisable to consult an experienced and certified dermatologist as soon as possible.