The recent outbreak of coronavirus has raised global concern. COVID-19 set an alarming condition in the world and almost every country is working hard to find the cure against this virus. Since the December 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or Covid-19 outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. The number of cases are rapidly increasing all over the world. The countries like China, Italy, U.S., France and Germany are the worst affected. More than 2, 00,000 cases and over 10,000 deaths have been registered across 181 countries. It is declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Almost every country has given clear instructions to their people that they must avoid the crowded places, postponed their public meetings, ceremonies,and wedding. And all of the above, now people started doing work from home.
Below are the most frequently asked questions related to Coronavirus
What is Coronavirus?
The fatal Coronavirus, hails from a large family of viruses evoking a range of maladies in humans including common cold and more severe forms like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). This group of viruses are zoonotic in nature which means, they can be transmitted between humans and animals.
“The Most recently discovered Coronavirus disease COVID -19, According to WHO, as of March 17, there were 184,976 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 7,529 deaths in 159 countries.
How many Virus are there on Earth?.
According to NCBI, there are 219 virus species that are known to infect humans. The first of these to be discovered was the yellow fever virus in 1901, and three to four new species are still being found every year.
What are the Common Symptoms of Covid -19?
The symptoms may appear 2 to 14 days after the exposure to the virus. Most Common Symptoms of COVID-19 are
2) Tiredness and Dry Cough
3) Diarrhoea, Runny Nose, Sore Throat.
4) Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
In case of any of such symptoms, immediately consult your doctor.Vedyou Health Advice
How does COVID-19 Spread?
The virus can spread from person to person and spreading agent can be infected cloths, droplets while the infected person coughs or sneezes.
COVID also spread through direct membrane-to-membrane contact. This could even happen by kissing, touching, sleeping with an affected person. The virus can also be spread by sharing items that go in your mouth, eyes or nose, like cutlery, cups, straws, water bottles or cosmetics.
What are Precautionary measures to shun COVID-19?
- Practice good hygiene. Wash your hands often with soaps thoroughly for minimum 20 seconds.
- Make a habit to use alcohol-based (at least 60%) hand-sanitizer.
- Avoid mass get-togethers or any large events.
- Do not come in close contact (about 6 feet) with anyone who is sick or has flu-like symptoms.
- If coronavirus is spreading in your community, keep distance between yourself and others.
- Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow whenever you cough or sneeze. Discard the used tissue carefully. Avoid throwing it in open areas.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth while travelling in shared transportation or if your hands aren’t clean.
- Avoid sharing dishes, glasses, bedding and other personal items if you’re feeling sick.
- Clean and sanitize the surfaces you often touch on a daily basis.
- Prefer working from home over working in offices, avoid school and public areas in case you have even the mildest of the symptoms unless it is very urgent.
- Avoid taking public transportation as much as you can. Avoid coming in contact with animals as they may be a carrier of Covid-19.
Should I wear a medical mask?
The “Centre for Disease Control and Prevention” or CDC, has advised not to wear masks unless you are ill. It is advisable to wear the medical masks only if you have any respiratory issue such as coughing or sneezing in order to avoid infecting others. Don’t opt for surgical or any kind of medical masks if you don’t have any such symptoms. While using masks, proper disposal technique must be followed to avoid the risks of transmitting the virus. Wearing masks is not the only solution, it must be combined by frequent hand washing, covered sneezes and coughs.
What are the Higher Risks Category?
Pregnant women: Little is known about this novel virus and its effects on children and fetuses. The CDC has said as the pregnant women are vulnerable to viral respiratory infections it is better to take precautionary steps. Neither there is enough evidence of COVID-19 affecting the fetus nor does there is any research to determine exactly how the virus could affect the mother and the unborn child.
Adults above 65 years of age: Adults over the age of 65 are also at higher risk, mainly those with underlying medical illnesses like diabetes, heart disease or lung disease. According to the data available with CDC, 8 out of 10 deaths cases reported in the U.S. were of people who were 65 years old and older.
People with Asthma: Asthmatic patients are the most prone target to COVID-19, if not take care properly. As COVID-19 affects the respiratory tract, it may cause an asthma attack or any other acute respiratory disease. Asthma patients must clean and sterilize their home in detail. Avoid disinfectants that can cause an asthma attack.
Diabetic patients: As per the American Diabetes Association (ADA), people with diabetes face a comparatively higher chance of experiencing serious complications from COVID-19. ADS said, with most of the reported cases till now, China has experienced a much higher rate of serious complications and death in diabetic patients than the other people.
Is there any vaccine available for COVID-19?
No. currently there’s no vaccine available for Covid-19 but an extensive competition is prevailing in the scientist across the globe to find one as soon as possible.